Research Activities
 
International Symposium
■Speaker
■Place :Kyoto International Community House
■Date :Oct 11(Thu)-12(Fri), 2007
■Number
?Objectives?
In today's developing countries, the area of community-managed forests accounts for twenty-five percent of all forests. In a broad sense, community-managed forests are common forests. The area of such forests has doubled in the past fifteen years and is expected to double again in the coming fifteen years.
The idea underlying the increase of common forests is that it becomes possible to make the most use of the multifaceted characteristics of a forest by managing it as common property. This is not a new concept. Rather, there used to be many common forests. More accurately, each party held all of the property, yet none held a divisible share.
However, as modernization progressed, clearly stated forest owners emerged and the multifaceted characteristics of forests began to be ignored.
In assessing a forest, different standpoints exist. Temporary conflict-of-interest problems can occur. Pursuing profits, forest owners began to ignore the public interest and long-term benefits of forests that had much to do with the future of Earth. The degradation of forests is a typical example of the Tragedy of the Commons, in which the pursuit of short-sighted profits by some parties results in a long-term loss incurred by all. The global restoration of common forests should be the outcome of the lesson learnt from this tragedy.
In the symposium, the participants will review the state of common forests in the past, including those in Japan, and discuss how common forests could be maintained and utilized in the present-day context.
To maintain and make sustainable use of common forests, the presence of a healthy local community is essential. Each local community has its own unique style. The participants of the symposium will first present reports on the actual state of common forests in various regions, including India, Mexico, China, Southeast Asia, and Africa. The symposium will then develop an image or concept that can be shared globally, of common forests evolving into global commons.

?PROGRAM?
11 October, 2007

10:00?11:50
Opening Remarks
TANAKA Koji (Director, Center for Integrated Area Studies, Kyoto University)
Introduction
ABE Ken-ichi (Associate Professor, Center for Integrated Area Studies, Kyoto University)

Keynote Speech
1. INOUE Makoto (Professor, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
Collaborative Forest Governance: Experiences, Strategies, and Design Principles
2. MUROTA Takeshi (Professor, Faculty of Economics, Doshisha University)
Wide Spectrum of Common Forest and Right of Access to Nature: A Comparative Study on the Cases of Japan and Northern Europe

13:00?17:20
I. Managing Forest Benefits for Local Livelihoods
Moderator: TOMITA Shinsuke (Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

3. OKUDA Hironori (Forestry and Forest Product Research Institute (FFPRI), Japan)
Life in Mountain Villages and Forests in Japan: Tono City, Iwate Prefecture
4. YAMAKOSHI Gen (Associate Professor, ASAFAS, Kyoto University)
Ecology and History of Peri-Village Forest in the Forested Guinea, West Africa
5. Juan Manuel TORRES ROJO (División de Economía, CIDE, Mexico)
The Importance of the Forest Community Sector in the Mexican Forestry and Rural Development
6. UBUKATA Fumikazu (Researcher, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University)
The Scaling-up Attempts of Community Forest Management: Two Contrasting Cases in Yasothon Province, Northeast Thailand
7. WANG Chunfeng (Director, Carbon Sequestration Management Office, Department of Afforestation, State Forestry Administration, China)
A Commodity Chain Analysis on Commercial Timber Profits in Southern Collective Forest Region in China
Comment: ICHIKAWA Masahiro (Associate Professor, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN), Japan)

October 12, 2007

10:00?12:20
II. Ensuring Rights to Forest for Community Empowerment
Moderator: TAKEDA Shinya (ASAFAS, Kyoto University)

8. Hedar LAUDJENG (Consultant, Perkumpulan Bantaya (NGO), Indonesia)
& SHIMAGAMI Motoko ( Researcher, Center for Integrated Area Studies(CIAS), Kyoto University / Afrasian Center for Peace and Development Studies, Ryukoku University)
Toward the Legal Recognition of Customary Rights to Forests
9. Colin NICHOLAS (Center for Orang Asli Concerns(NGO), Malaysia)
Who Owns the Commons?: Assigning Representivity and Rights to Orang Asli Communal Forests
10. Anan GANJANAPAN (Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Thailand)
Multiplicity of Community Forestry as Knowledge Space In Northern Thai Highlands
Comment: FUJITA Wataru (Konan Womens University)

14:00?16:20
III. Revitalizing Communities for Improved Forest Stewardship
Moderator: HAYAMA Atsuko (Kurume University)

11. MITSUMATA Gaku (Associate Professor, University of Hyogo)
The Development and Challenges of Iriai/Commons Studies in Japan: On the Basis of Several Case Studies
12. Mangala P. DE ZOYSA (Professor, Ruhna University, Sri Lanka) &
& Makoto INOUE (Professor, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
"Community Forest Management in Sri Lanka: Concepts and Practices"
13. Rana ROY (NGOVASUNDHARA, India)
Community Forest Management in Orissa ,India: The Untapped Potential"
Comment: TOMA Takeshi (Forestry and Forest Product Research Institute (FFPRI))

16:20?17:20
Concluding Discussion
Chair: KATO Tsuyoshi (Afrasian Center for Peace and Development Studies, Ryukoku University)

Organized by
Center for Integrated Area Studies (CIAS),
Kyoto University /
Biodiversity & Ecosystem Restoration Research Project, The 21st Century COE Program, The University of Tokyo/
Afrasian Center for Peace and Development Studies, Ryukoku University.
With the Joint Auspices of
Center for International Forestry Research(CIFOR) /
Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) /
Forestry and Forest Product Research Institute (FFPRI)
Cooperated by
i-i-network: Research and Action for Community Governance
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