Research Activities
The Peaceful Nineteenth Century and Political Economy: Nation States as Seen by E.H. Carr and Hannah Arendt
2nd Meeting (Group 1)
■Speaker :Prof. Kosuke Shimizu (Ryukoku University)
■Place :Meeting Room, 8th Building, Ryukoku University, Fukakusa campus
■Date :July 29, 2005
■Number :05010202
Through a re-examination of the theories of nationalism by E.H. Carr and Hannah Arendt, Prof. Shimizu challenged the conventional view in the studies of international relations that sees “nationalism as violent and evil” and attempted to present an alternative understanding of nationalism. If Carr and Arendt were right, nationalism in late-industrializing countries is bound to manifest itself in the form of violent imperialism and/or discriminatory racism. However, their arguments fail to explain historical experience of India where a nonviolent form of nationalism emerged. Therefore he argued that we need to reconsider the meanings of political and economic sovereignty and how one is related to the other.

During the discussion, questions were raised about the differences between Carr and Arendt on their theories of nationalism; what Carr meant by calling the nineteenth century a peaceful period; and the relationship between the state and violence.