Research Activities
Democracy, Non-violence and Conflict Resolution: The Experience of India’s Struggle for Freedom
Afrasia Joint Seminar Series No.2 ”Democracy and Conflict Resolution”
■Speaker :Professor Mridula Mukherjee, Center for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University
■Place :Shieikan 5F Meeting Room, Fukakusa Campus, Ryukoku University
■Date :3rd December 2005, 14:45-18:00
Discussant: Osamu Yoshida, Associate Professor, Hiroshima University

Prof. Mridula Mukherjee examined, based on the findings of an oral history project organised by the Jawaharlal Nehru University where she is based, the reasons why peasants chose non-violent methods of protest in India’s struggle for independence. Non-violent resistance was a strategy used by Gandhi and other leaders of India’s freedom struggle. In addition to the leaders, the peasants who participated in this struggle also had a sufficient understanding of the effectiveness of this strategy. With the spread of mass civil disobedient resistance, the British government came to realize that it would no longer be able to rule India without using violent, oppressive means. When the British government began to strengthen its oppression, the people of India began to adopt more violent means of resistance. Prof. Mukherjee’s presentation, which focused on the experiences and collective wisdom of the common people in India’s struggle for independence, provided insightful suggestions for this project, which searches for the mechanisms of conflict resolution rooted in each local region.